France 24

G20 promises “fair” distribution of Covid-19 vaccines

G20 leaders on Sunday pledged to ensure “affordable and equitable access” to vaccines and treatments against Covid-19, but without giving concrete details on how to achieve this. The vaccine against Covid-19 will be available quickly to vulnerable populations in less wealthy countries? The leaders of the twenty greatest world economic powers answered in the affirmative, Sunday, November 22, by promising to guarantee equitable access to this treatment. However, no concrete mechanism has been put in place to these words into action. “We will stop at any effort to ensure affordable and equitable access [aux vaccins, tests et traitements] of all, “wrote the G20 leaders in the final declaration of a virtual summit with a decidedly consensual tone, but poor in concrete details. The G20 is being held this year in a virtual format that takes away much of its brilliance at the top, and under the presidency of Saudi Arabia, which has drawn strong criticism from human rights organizations.While the pandemic has now killed nearly 1.4 million people worldwide, presidents or heads of government said they “fully support” the mechanisms put in place by the World Health Organization to ensure that vaccines do not benefit only the richest countries. G20 members pledge to “meet the funding needs that still exist” , at a time when they themselves are already setting up large-scale vaccination campaigns. The United States announced on Sunday that it hopes to start theirs before mid-December. Private laboratories and G20 states have been competing for several days for announcements on the progress of their future vaccines No agreement on the debt of poor countries But the G20 did not explicitly mention the amount of 28 billion dollars (23.6 billion dollars). ‘euros), including 4.2 billion in emergency, claimed by the United Nations to deal with the pandemic. Another subject on which the G20 was expected at the turn: the debt of poor countries, which is soaring due to the economic cataclysm engendered by pandemic. G20 leaders “promise to implement” a debt service suspension initiative (ISSD / DSSI) already adopted, which allows poor countries to suspend payment of interest on their debt until June 2021 But while the United Nations was hoping that this deadline will be extended until the end of 2021, the G20 is relying on its finance ministers to “examine” this issue next spring. The major powers, which have already spent some money. 11 trillion dollars for its uve the global economy, also say they are “determined to continue to use all available instruments” to support an “uneven” and “very uncertain” recovery. Beyond the pandemic, the final declaration adopts a tone at first glance a little more harmonious on climate and trade, favorite workhorses of Donald Trump today especially busy contesting his defeat in the American presidential election.